Publications

Publications

Most papers available for download at: Georgia Tech’s SMARTech Repository

Trust, Ethics, & Bias
Human-Robot Interaction
Machine Learning and AI
Healthcare & Assistive Technologies
CS and Robotics Education
Virtual Reality & Gamification
Field Robotics
Robot Vision and Sensing

Trust, Ethics, & Bias

Book Chapters

  1. J. Borenstein, A. Howard, A. Wagner, “Pediatric Robotics and Ethics: The Robot is Ready to See You Now But Should It Be Trusted?” Robot Ethics 2.0, P. Lin, K. Abney, G. Bekey (Eds.), Oxford University Press, 2016.
  2. P. Robinette, A.R. Wagner, A. Howard, “Investigating Human-Robot Trust in Emergency Scenarios: Methodological Lessons Learned,” In R. Mittu, D. Sofge, A. Wagner, & W. Lawless, Robust Intelligence and Trust in Autonomous Systems (pp. 143-166). Boston: Springer, 2016.
  3. P. Robinette, A. Howard, A.R. Wagner, “Conceptualizing Overtrust in Robots: Why Do People Trust a Robot That Previously Failed?,” Autonomy and Artificial Intelligence: A threat or savior?, F. Lawles, R. Mittu, D. Sofge, S. Russell (Eds), Springer, to appear 2017.

Journals

  1. P. Robinette, A. Howard, R. Wagner, “The Effect of Robot Performance on Human-Robot Trust in Time-Critical Situations,” IEEE Transactions on Human-Machine Systems, PP(99), 1-12, 2017.
  2. A. Howard, J. Borenstein, “The Ugly Truth About Ourselves and Our Robot Creations: The Problem of Bias and Social Inequity,” Behavioral Science & Policy, to appear 2017.

Conferences

  1. S. Remy, A. Howard, “In Situ Interactive Teaching of Trustworthy Robotic Assistants,” IEEE Int. Conf. on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics (SMC), pgs. 1280-1285, Montreal, Canada, Oct. 2007.
  2. P. Robinette, A. M. Howard, “Trust in Emergency Evacuation Robots,” 10th IEEE International Symposium on Safety Security and Rescue Robotics (SSRR 2012), College Station, TX, Nov. 2012.
  3. P. Robinette, A. Wagner, A. Howard, “Building and Maintaining Trust Between Humans and Guidance Robots in an Emergency,” 2013 AAAI Spring Symposium: Trust and Autonomous Systems, Stanford, CA, March 2013.
  4. P. Robinette, A. Howard, and A. R. Wagner, “Timing is Key for Robot Trust Repair,”7th International Conference on Social Robotics (ICSR 2015), Paris, France, Oct. 2015.
  5. P. Robinette, A. Howard, A. Wagner, “Overtrust of Robots in Emergency Evacuation Scenarios,” ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction (HRI), New Zealand, March 2016.
  6. A. Howard, C. Zhang, E. Horvitz, “Addressing Bias in Machine Learning Algorithms: A Pilot Study on Emotion Recognition for Intelligent Systems,” IEEE International Workshop on Advanced Robotics and its Social Impacts, Austin, TX, March, 2017.

Field Robotics

Books/Book Chapters

  1. E. Tunstel, H. Seraji, A. Howard, Chapter 11: “Soft Computing Approach to Safe Navigation of Autonomous Planetary Rovers,” Intelligent Control Systems Using Soft Computing Methodologies, Eds. Zilouchian and Jamshidi, CRC Press, 2001.
  2. E. Tunstel, A. Howard, T. Huntsberger, A. Trebi-Ollenu, J. Dolan, “Applied Soft Computing Strategies for Autonomous Field Robotics,” Autonomous Robotic Systems: Soft Computing and Hard Computing Methodologies and Applications, Eds. Zhou, Moravall, and Ruan, vol. 116, pgs. 75-102, Physica-Verlag, 2003.
  3. A. Howard, E. Tunstel, “Using Geospatial Information for Autonomous Systems Control,” Frontiers of Geographic Information Technology, Eds. Rana and Sharma, Springer Science, Dec. 2005.
  4. A. Howard, E. Tunstel, “A Self-Contained Traversability Sensor for Safe Mobile Robot Guidance in Unknown Terrain,” Applied Soft Computing Technologies: The Challenge of Complexity, Abraham, A.; Baets, B.D.; Köppen, M.; Nickolay, B. (Eds.), Springer, May 2006.
  5. Howard, E. Tunstel (Editors), Intelligence for Space Robotics, TSI Press, San Antonio, Texas, July 2006.
  6. E. Drayer and A.M. Howard, “A Granular Sensor-Fusion Method for Regenerative Life Support Systems,” Multisensor Data Fusion: From Algorithms and Architectural Design to Applications; H. Fourati (Ed.), CRC Press, 2015.

Journals

  1. A. Howard, H. Seraji, “An Intelligent Terrain-Based Navigation System for Planetary Rovers,” IEEE Robotics and Automation Magazine, vol. 8, no. 4, pgs. 9-17, December 2001.
  2. H. Seraji and A. Howard, “Behavior-Based Navigation on Challenging Terrain: A Fuzzy Logic Approach,” IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation, 18(3), pgs. 308-321, June 2002.
  3. E. Tunstel, A. Howard, “Approximate Reasoning for Safety and Survivability of Planetary Rovers,” Fuzzy Sets and Systems, vol. 134, no. 1, pgs. 27-46, Feb. 2003.
  4. A. Howard, H. Seraji, B. Werger, “Global and Regional Path Planners for Integrated Planning and Navigation,” Journal of Robotic Systems, vol. 22, no. 12, pgs. 767-778, December 2005.
  5. B. Smith, M. Egerstedt, A. Howard, “Automatic Generation of Persistent Formations for Multi-Agent Networks Under Range Constraints,” ACM/Springer Mobile Networks and Applications Journal, Vol. 14, No. 3, pgs. 322 – 335, 2009.
  6. B. Smith, A. Howard, J. McNew, Jiuguang-Wang, M. Egerstedt, “Multi-robot deployment and coordination with Embedded Graph Grammars,” Autonomous Robots, Vol. 26 (1), pgs. 79-98, January 2009.
  7. A. Viguria, A. Howard, “An Integrated Approach for Achieving Multi-Robot Task Formations,” IEEE/ASME Transactions on Mechatronics, Vol. 14 (2), pgs. 176-186, April 2009.
  8. A. Viguria, A. Howard, “Probabilistic Analysis of Market-Based Algorithms for Initial Robotic Formations,” International Journal of Robotics Research, Vol. 29, No. 9, pgs. 1154–1172, August 2010.
  9. S. Williams, L. Parker, A. Howard, “Calibration and Validation of Earth-observing Sensors using Deployable Surface-based Sensor Networks,” IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, Vol. 3, No. 4, pgs. 427-432, Dec. 2010.
  10. S. Williams, L. Parker, A. Howard, “Terrain Reconstruction of Glacial Surfaces via Robotic Surveying Techniques,” IEEE Robotics and Automation Magazine, Vol. 10(4), pgs. 59-71, December 2012.
  11. A. Spears, M. West, M. Meister, J. Buffo, C. Walker, T. R. Collins, A. Howard, B. Schmidt, “The Icefin Under-Ice Unmanned Underwater Vehicle: Development and Deployment in Antarctica,” IEEE Robotics and Automation Magazine, December 2016.

Conferences

  1. A. Howard, H. Seraji, “A Real-Time Autonomous Rover Navigation System,” World Automation Congress, Maui, HI, June 2000.
  2. A. Howard, H. Seraji, “Real-Time Assessment of Terrain Traversability for Autonomous Rover Navigation,” IEEE/RSJ Intern. Conf. on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS), pgs. 58-63, Takamastsu, Japan, Nov. 2000.
  3. E. Tunstel, A. Howard, H. Seraji, “Fuzzy Rule-Based Reasoning for Rover Safety and Survivability,” IEEE Int. Conf. on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), pgs. 1413-1420, Seoul, Korea, May 2001.
  4. H. Seraji, A. Howard, E. Tunstel, “Safe Navigation on Hazardous Terrain,” IEEE Int. Conf. on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), pgs. 3084-3091, Seoul, Korea, May 2001.
  5. A. Howard, H. Seraji, E. Tunstel, “A Rule-Based Fuzzy Traversability Index for Mobile Robot Navigation,” IEEE Int. Conf. on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), vol. 1, pgs. 3067-3071, Seoul, Korea, May 2001.
  6. H. Seraji, A. Howard, E. Tunstel, “Terrain-Based Navigation of Planetary Rovers: A Fuzzy Logic Approach,” 6th Int. Symposium on Artificial Intelligence, Robotics and Automation in Space, Montreal, Canada, June 2001.
  7. A. Howard, E. Tunstel, D. Edwards, A. Carlson, “Enhancing Fuzzy Robot Navigation Systems by Mimicking Human Visual Perception of Natural Terrain Traversability,” Joint 9th IFSA World Congress and 20th NAFIPS International Conference, Vancouver, Canada, July 2001.
  8. A. Howard, B. Werger, H. Seraji, “Integrating Terrain Maps into a Reactive Navigation Strategy” IEEE Int. Conf. on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), pgs. 2012-2017, Taipei, Taiwan, September 2003.
  9. A. Howard, et. al. “A Methodology to Determine Impact of Autonomy Technologies on Space Science Mission,” 10th International Symposium on Robotics and Applications, Seville, Spain, June 2004.
  10. A. Howard, et. al, “A Reconfigurable Robotic Exploration Vehicle for Extreme Environments,” 10th International Symposium on Robotics and Applications, Seville, Spain, June 2004.
  11. E. Tunstel, A. Howard, M. Maimone, A. Trebi-Ollenu, “Mars Exploration Rover Baseline for Flight Rover Autonomy Technology Assessment,” 8th Int. Symposium on Artificial Intelligence, Robotics and Automation in Space (i-Sairas), Munich, Germany, Sept. 2005.
  12. G. Thomas, A. Howard, A. Williams, A. Alston-Moore, “Multi-Robot Task Allocation in Lunar Mission Construction Scenarios,” IEEE Int. Conf. on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, pgs. 518-523, Hawaii, Oct. 2005.
  13. A. Howard, B. Smith, M. Egerstedt, “Realization of the Sensor Web Concept for Earth Science using Mobile Robotic Platforms,” IEEE Aerospace Conference, Big Sky, Montana, March 2007.
  14. B. Johns, A. Howard, “Stability and Gait Optimization of a Hybrid Legged-Wheeled Rover,” 10th International Conference on Climbing and Walking Robots (CLAWAR), pgs. 226- 233, Singapore, July 2007.
  15. B. Smith, M. Egerstedt, A. Howard, “Automatic Generation of Persistent Formations for Multi-Agent Networks under Range Constraints,” Int. Conf. on Robot Comm. and Coordination, Athens, Greece, Oct. 2007.
  16. A. Viguria, A. Howard, “Upper-Bound Cost Analysis of a Market-Based Algorithm Applied to the Initial Formation Problem,” IEEE/RSJ Int. Conf. on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS), pgs. 2326-2331, San Diego, CA, Oct. 2007.
  17. S. Williams, A. Howard, “A Single Camera Terrain Slope Estimation Technique for Natural Arctic Environments,” IEEE Int. Conf. on Robotics and Automation, pgs. 2729-2734, Pasadena, CA, May 2008.
  18. B. Smith, M. Egerstedt, A. Howard, “Automatic Deployment and Formation Control of Decentralized Multi-Agent Networks,” IEEE Int. Conf. on Robotics and Automation, pgs. 134-139, Pasadena, CA, May 2008.
  19. A. Viguria, A. Howard, “A Probabilistic Model for the Performance Analysis of a Distributed Task Allocation Algorithm,” IEEE Int. Conf. on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), pgs. 3117-3122, Kobe, Japan, May 2009.
  20. B. Smith, J. Wang, M. Egerstedt, A. Howard, “Automatic Formation Deployment of Decentralized Heterogeneous Multiple-Robot Networks with Limited Sensing Capabilities,” IEEE Int. Conf. on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), pgs. 730-735, Kobe, Japan, May 2009.
  21. D. Brooks, A. Howard, “Mobility Reconfiguration for Terrain Exploration using Passive Perception,” IEEE Int. Conf. on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), pgs. 2623-2628, Kobe, Japan, May 2009.
  22. S. Williams, S. Remy, A. Howard, “3-D Simulations for Testing and Validating Robotic-Driven Applications for Exploring Lunar Pole,” AIAA Infotech@Aerospace 2010, Atlanta, GA, April 2010.
  23. S. Williams, M. Hurst, A. Howard, “Development of a Mobile Arctic Sensor Node for Earth-Science Data Collection Applications,” AIAA Infotech@Aerospace 2010, Atlanta, GA, April 2010.
  24. L. Parker, B. English, M. Chavis, A. Howard, “Improvements to Satellite-Based Albedo Measurements Using In Situ Robotic Surveying Techniques,” AIAA Infotech@Aerospace 2010, Atlanta, GA, April 2010.
  25. H. Mei, L. Parker, A. Howard, “Digital Elevation Model (DEM) Generation from Contour Maps for Robotic Surveying,” IEEE Int. Conf. on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Anchorage, AK, Oct. 2011.
  26. L. Parker, A. Howard, “Adaptive Robot Navigation Protocol for Estimating Variable Terrain Elevation Data,” IEEE Int. Conf. on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Anchorage, AK, Oct. 2011.
  27. L. Parker, R. Coogle, A. Howard, “Estimation-Informed, Resource-Aware Robot Navigation for Environmental Monitoring Applications,” IEEE Int. Conf. on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), Karlsruhe, Germany, May 2013.
  28. R. Coogle, A. Howard, “The Iceberg Observation Problem: Using Multiple Agents to Monitor and Observe Ablating Target Sources,” IEEE Int. Conf. on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Manchester, UK, Oct. 2013.
  29. A. Spears, M. West, T. Collins, A. Howard, “Determining Underwater Vehicle Movement from Sonar Data in Relatively Featureless Seafloor Tracking Missions,” IEEE Winter Applications of Computer Vision Conference, Steamboat Springs, CO, March 2014.
  30. A. Spears, M. West, B. Schmidt, T. Collins, and A. M. Howard, “Modification of the Yellowfin Autonomous Underwater Vehicle for Use in Under-Ice Missions,” AUVSI’s Unmanned Systems, Orlando, FL, May 2014.
  31. A. Spears, M. West, T. Collins, and A. M. Howard, “Evaluation of Sonar and Video Data Collection Efforts in an Under-Ice Environment Using an Unmanned Underwater Vehicle,” IEEE Int. Conf. on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, San Diego, CA, May 2014.
  32. A. Spears, M. West, T. Collins, M. Meister, B. Schmidt, and A. M. Howard, “Design and Development of an Under-Ice Autonomous Underwater Vehicle for use in Polar Regions” IEEE OCEANS Conference, St. John’s, New Newfoundland, September 2014.
  33. A. Spears, M. West, M. Meister, C. Walker, J. Buffo, T. Collins, A. Howard, B. Schmidt, “Design and Antarctic Testing of the Icefin Vehicle,” IEEE OCEANS Conference, Washington, DC., Oct. 2015.
  34. A. Spears, M. West, B. Schmidt, T. Collins, A. Howard, “Under-ice Camera and Sonar Simulation for Visual Navigation,” IEEE Oceans Conference, Monterey, CA, Sept. 2016.

Healthcare & Assistive Technologies

Book Chapters

  1. A. Howard, S. Remy, C.H. Park, H.W. Park, and D. Brooks, “Intelligent robotics for assistive healthcare and therapy,” The Path to Autonomous Robots; G. Sukhatme (Ed.), Springer Science, November 2008.
  2. A. Howard, Y.P. Chen, C. H. Park, “From Autism Spectrum Disorder to Cerebral Palsy: State-of-the-Art in Pediatric Therapy Robots,” Encyclopedia of Medical Robotics, J. P. Desai (Ed.), World Scientific Publishing Company, to appear 2017.

Journals

  1. D. Brooks, A. Howard, “Quantifying Upper-Arm Rehabilitation Metrics for Children through Interaction with a Humanoid Robot,” Applied Bionics and Biomechanics, Vol. 9(2), pgs. 157-172, 2012.
  2. H. Park, A. M. Howard, “Telepresence Robotic Technology for Individuals with Visual Impairments Through Real-time Haptic Rendering,” Journal of Korea Robotics Society, vol. 8(3), Sept. 2013.
  3. H. Park, A. Howard, “Robotics-based Telepresence using Multi-modal Interaction for Individuals with Visual Impairments,” International Journal of Adaptive Control and Signal Processing, doi: 10.1002/acs.2519, June 2014.
  4. Y-P. Chen, A. Howard, “Effects of robotic therapy on upper-extremity function in children with cerebral palsy: A systematic review,” Developmental Neurorehabilitation, 19(1), pp. 64-71. Epub 2014 Apr 11, doi:10.3109/17518423.2014.899648.
  5. H. Park, E.S. Ryu, A. Howard, “Telerobotic Haptic Exploration in Art Galleries and Museums for Individuals with Visual Impairments,” IEEE Transactions on Haptics, 8(3):327-38, Jul-Sep 2015.

Conferences

  1. A. Trevor, H.W. Park, A. Howard, C. Kemp, “Playing with Toys: Towards Autonomous Robot Manipulation for Therapeutic Play,” IEEE Int. Conf. on Robotics and Automation, pgs. 2139-2145, Kobe, Japan, May 2009.
  2. D. Brooks, A. Howard, “Upper Limb Rehabilitation and Evaluation of Children Using a Humanoid Robot,” 2nd Workshop on Child, Computer, and Interaction, Cambridge, MA, Nov. 2009.
  3. A. Howard, H.W. Park, C. Kemp, “Extracting Play Primitives for a Robot Playmate by Sequencing Low-Level Motion Behavior,” IEEE Int. Symp. on Robot and Human Interactive Communication (RO-MAN), pgs. 360-365, Munich, Germany, August 2008.
  4. H.W. Park, A. Howard, “Understanding a Child’s play for Robot Interaction by Sequencing Play Primitives using Hidden Markov Models,” IEEE Int. Conf. on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), pgs. 170-177, Anchorage, AK, May 2010.
  5. D. Brooks, A. Howard, “A Computational Method for Physical Rehabilitation Assessment,” IEEE Int. Conf. on Biomedical Robotics and Biomechatronics (BioRob), pgs. 442-447, Tokyo, Japan, Sept. 2010.
  6. A. Curtis, J. Shim, E. Gargas, A. Srinivasan and A. M. Howard, “Dance Dance Pleo: Developing a Low-Cost Learning Robotic Dance Therapy Aid,” 10th Int. Conf. on Interaction Design and Children, MI, June 2011.
  7. S. Koziol, D. Lenz, S. Hilsenbeck, S. Chopra, P. Hasler, and A. Howard, “Using Floating-Gate Based Programmable Analog Arrays for Real-Time Control of a Game-Playing Robot,” IEEE Int. Conf. on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Anchorage, AK, Oct. 2011.
  8. H. Park, A. Howard, “Real World Haptic Exploration for Telepresence of the Visually Impaired,” ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction (HRI 2012), Boston, MA, March 2012.
  9. J. Gregory, A. Howard, C. Boonthum-Denecke, “Wii Nunchuk Controlled Dance Pleo! Dance! to Assist Children with Cerebral Palsy by Play Therapy,” 25th Int. Florida Artificial Intelligence Research Society Conference, May 2012.
  10. D. Brooks, Y-P. Chen, A. Howard, “Simulation versus Embodied Agents: Does either induce better human adherence to physical therapy exercise?” IEEE Int. Conf. on Biomedical Robotics and Biomechatronics (BioRob), Rome, Italy, June 2012.
  11. L. Roberts, H.W. Park, and A. M. Howard, “Robots and Therapeutic Play: Evaluation of a Wireless Interface Device for Interaction with a Robot Playmate,” 34th Annual Int. Conf. of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC’12), San Diego, California, August 2012.
  12. G. Valentin, A. Howard, “Dealing with Childhood Obesity: Passive versus Active Activity Monitoring Approaches for Engaging Individuals in Exercise,” IEEE Biorobotics and Biosignals Conference, Brazil, February 2013.
  13. H.W. Park, A. Howard, “TabAccess, a Wireless Controller for Tablet Accessibility for Individuals with Limited Upper-Body Mobility,” IEEE Biorobotics and Biosignals Conference, Brazil, February 2013.
  14. H. Park, A. Howard, “Real-Time Haptic Rendering and Haptic Telepresence Robotic System for the Visually Impaired,” IEEE World Haptics Conference 2013, Daejon, Korea, April 2013.
  15. A. Howard, D. Brooks, E. Brown, A. Gebregiorgis, Y.P. Chen, “Non-Contact versus Contact-based Sensing Methodologies for In-Home Upper Arm Robotic Rehabilitation,” 13th Int. Conf. on Rehabilitation Robotics (ICORR), Seattle, WA, June 2013.
  16. H. Park, A. Howard, “Haptic Visualization of Real-World Environmental Data for Individuals with Visual Impairments,” Human-Computer Interaction (HCI) International Conference, Crete, Greece, June 2014.
  17. J. MacCalla, A. Howard, “A Plush Switch for Accessing Tablet-Based Applications for Children with Mild to Severe Motor Limitations,” Rehabilitation Eng. and Technology Society of North America (RESNA) Annual Conference, Indianapolis, IN, June 2014.
  18. S. Garcia-Vergas, M. Serrano, Y.P. Chen, A. Howard, “Developing a Baseline for Upper-Body Motor Skill Assessment using a Robotic Kinematic Model,” IEEE Int. Symp. on Robot and Human Interactive Communication (RO-MAN), Edinburgh, Scotland, August 2014.
  19. B. English, A. Howard, “Engagement Study of an Integrated Rehabilitation Robotic Tablet-Based Gaming System,” IEEE Int. Workshop on Advanced Robotics and its Social Impacts, Evanston, IL, Sept. 2014.
  20. B. English, A. Howard, “Encouraging Specific Intervention Motions via a Robotic System for Rehabilitation of Hand Function,” IEEE Symp. on Computational Intelligence in Robotic Rehabilitation and Assistive Technologies, Orlando, Florida, Dec. 2014.
  21. H. Park, N. Pai, J. Bakthavatchalam, Y. Li, M. Jeon, A. Howard, “Robotic Framework for Music-based Emotional and Social Engagement with Children with Autism,” AAAI-15 Workshop on Artificial Intelligence Applied to Assistive Technologies and Smart Environments, Austin, TX, Jan. 2015.
  22. A. Moreno, C. Rozell, A. Howard, “Restricting Vocabulary Size in Pediatric Augmentative and Alternative Communication,” Rehabilitation Eng. and Technology Society of North America (RESNA) Annual Conference, Denver, CO, June 2015.
  23. L. Brown, S. Garcia-Vergas, A. Howard, “Evaluating the Effect of Robot Feedback on Motor Skill Performance in Therapy Games,” IEEE Int. Conf. on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Hong Kong, Oct. 2015.
  24. H. Park, M. Jeon, A. Howard, “Robotic Framework with Multi-Modal Perception for Physio-Musical Interactive Therapy for Children with Autism,” 5th Int. Conf. on Development and Learning and on Epigenetic Robotics, Providence, RI, Aug 2015.
  25. P. Cloutier, H. W. Park, J. MacCalla, A. Howard, “It’s All in the Eyes: Designing Facial Expressions for an Interactive Robot Therapy Coach for Children,” 8th Cambridge Workshop on Universal Access and Assistive Technology, Cambridge, UK, March 2016.
  26. R. Zhang, J. Barnes, J. Ryan, M. Jeon, C. H. Park and A. Howard, “Musical Robots for Children with ASD using a Client-Server Architecture,” 22nd Annual Int. Conference on Auditory Display, Canberra, Australia, July 2016.
  27. S. García-Vergara, L. Brown, Y.P. Chen, A. Howard, “Increasing the Efficacy of Rehabilitation Protocols for Children via a Robotic Playmate Providing Real-time Corrective Feedback,” IEEE Int. Symp. on Robot and Human Interactive Communication (RO-MAN), New York, NY, August 2016.
  28. M. Serrano, Y.P. Chen, A. Howard, P. Vela, “Automated Feet Detection for Clinical Gait Assessment,” Annual Int. Conf. of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC’16), Orlando, FL, August 2016.
  29. M. Serrano, Y.P. Chen, A. Howard, P. Vela, “Lower Limb Pose Estimation for Monitoring the Kicking Patterns of Infants,” Annual Int. Conf. of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC’16), Orlando, FL, August 2016.
  30. B. Ge, H.W. Park, A. Howard, “Identifying Engagement from Joint Kinematics Data for Robot Therapy Prompt Interventions for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder,” 8th International Conference on Social Robotics (ICSR 2016), Kansas City, MO, Nov. 2016.
  31. D. Bryant, J. Boyd, J. Harris, M. Smith, S. García-Vergara, Y-P. Chen, A. Howard, “An Infant Smart-Mobile System to Encourage Kicking Movements in Infants At-Risk of Cerebral Palsy,” IEEE International Workshop on Advanced Robotics and its Social Impacts, Austin, TX, March, 2017.
  32. B. English, A. Howard, “The Effects of Musical Cues on Motor Learning Using a Robotic Wrist Rehabilitation System,” IEEE International Workshop on Advanced Robotics and its Social Impacts, Austin, TX, March, 2017.

Virtual Reality & Gamification

Book Chapters

  1. S. García-Vergara, L. Brown, H.W. Park, and Ayanna M. Howard, “Engaging Children in Play Therapy: The Coupling of Virtual Reality (VR) Games with Social Robotics,” Serious Games, Alternative Realities, and Play Therapy; A. Brooks, S. Braham, L. Jain (Eds.), Studies in Computational Intelligence (Springer SCI), 2013.

Journals

  1. A. Howard, S. Remy, “Utilizing Virtual Environments to Enable Learning in Human-Robot Interaction Scenarios,” International Journal of Virtual Reality, Vol. 7(1), pgs. 9-14, 2008.
  2. Y-P. Chen, S. Lee, A. Howard, “Effect of Virtual Reality on Improving Upper-Extremity Function in Children with Cerebral Palsy: A Meta-Analysis,” Pediatric Physical Therapy, 2014 Fall; 26(3):289-300.
  3. Y-P. Chen, S. García-Vergara, A. Howard, “Effect of a home-based virtual reality intervention for children with cerebral palsy using SuperPop VRTM evaluation metrics – A feasibility study,” Rehabilitation Research and Practice, Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 812348, 9 pages, September 2015.

Conferences

  1. A. Howard, W. Paul, “A 3D Virtual Environment for Exploratory Learning in Mobile Robot Control,” IEEE Int. Conf. on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, pgs. 306-310, Waikoloa, Hawaii, Oct. 2005.
  2. A. Howard, L. Roberts, S. Garcia, R. Quarells, “Using Mixed Reality to Map Human Exercise Demonstrations to a Robot Exercise Coach,” Int. Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality, Atlanta, GA, Nov. 2012.
  3. H. Park, K. Wilson, A. Howard, “Examining the Learning Effects of a Low-Cost Haptic-Based Virtual Reality Simulator on Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy,” 26th IEEE Int. Symposium on Computer-Based Medical Systems, Porto, Portugal, June 2013.
  4. S. García-Vergara, Y-P Chen, A. Howard, “Super Pop VRTM: an Adaptable Virtual Reality Game for Upper-Body Rehabilitation,” Human-Computer Interaction (HCI) International Conference, Las Vegas, NV, July 2013.
  5. M.E. Nixon, Y-P. Chen, A. M. Howard, “Quantitative Evaluation of the Microsoft Kinect for Use in an Upper Extremity Virtual Rehabilitation Environment,” Int. Conf. on Virtual Rehabilitation (ICVR), Philadelphia, PA, August 2013.
  6. M. Nixon, A. Howard, “Applying Gaming Principles to Virtual Environments for Upper Extremity Therapy Games,” IEEE Int. Conf. on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Manchester, UK, Oct. 2013.
  7. S. García-Vergara, A. Howard, “Three-Dimensional Fitt’s Law Model used to Predict Movement Time in Serious Games for Rehabilitation,” Human-Computer Interaction (HCI) International Conference, Crete, Greece, June 2014.
  8. H. Park, K. Wilson, A. Howard, “Pilot Study: Supplementing Surgical Training for Medical Students Using a Low-Cost Virtual Reality Simulator,” 26th IEEE Int. Symposium on Computer-Based Medical Systems, New York, May 2014.
  9. S. García-Vergara, H. Li, A. Howard, “Increasing Super Pop VRTM Users’ Intrinsic Motivation by Improving the Game’s Esthetics,” Human-Computer Interaction (HCI) International Conference, Los Angeles, CA, August 2015.
  10. S. García-Vergara, P. Robinette, Y-P Chen, and A. Howard, “Validation of a Physical Rehabilitation Game using Markerless versus Marker-Based Motion Capture Systems,” Annual Int. Conf. of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC’16), Orlando, FL, August 2016.

CS and Robotics Education

Journals

  1. Z. Dodds, L. Greenwald, A. Howard, S. Tejada, J. Weinberg, “Components, Curriculum, and Community: Robots and Robotics in Undergraduate AI Education,” AI Magazine, Vol. 27, pgs. 11-22, Spring 2006.
  2. A. Howard, C.H. Park, S. Remy, “Using Haptic and Auditory Interaction Tools to Engage Students with Visual Impairments in Robot Programming Activities,” IEEE Transactions on Learning Technologies, Vol. 5(1), pgs. 87-95, Jan 2012.
  3. R. Dorsey, C.H. Park, A. Howard “Developing the Capabilities of Blind and Visually Impaired Youth to Build and Program Robots,” Journal on Technology and Persons with Disabilities, Vol. 1, pg. 57-69, 2014.
  4. A. Howard, H.W. Park, “Using Tablet Devices to Engage Children with Disabilities in Robotic Educational Activities,” Journal on Technology and Persons with Disabilities, vol. 2:96-107, Dec. 2014, http://hdl.handle.net/10211.3/133378.
  5. L. Brown, A. Howard, “Assessment of Engagement for Intelligent Educational Agents: A Pilot Study with Middle School Students,” Computers in Education Journal, Number 4, October 2014.
  6. J. Stout, B. Tamer, H. M. Wright, L. Clarke, S. Dwarkadas, A. Howard, “Research on Grad Cohort: An Intervention to Retain Women Graduate Students in Computing,” Frontiers in Psychology, 2017.
  7. G. Drayer, A. Howard, “Evaluation of an Introductory Embedded Systems Programming Module using Hands-on Learning Methods,” 121st American Society for Engineering Education (ASEE) Annual Conference, Indianapolis, IN, June 2014.
  8. L. Brown, A. Howard, “A Real-Time Model to Assess Student Engagement during Interaction with Intelligent Educational Agents,” 121st American Society for Engineering Education (ASEE) Annual Conference, Indianapolis, IN, June 2014.
  9. J. MacCalla, J. Xu, A. Howard, “Integration of Common Core Math Standards into Gaming Apps for Children with Motor Limitations,” Rehabilitation Eng. and Technology Society of North America (RESNA) Annual Conference, Denver, CO, June 2015.

Conferences

  1. A. Howard, E. Graham, “Bridging the Gap between Space Robotics Research and Robotics Education,” AAAI Symp. on Accessible, Hands-on AI/Robotics Education, pgs. 126-128, San Jose, CA, March 2004.
  2. A. Howard, E. Graham, “To Encourage and Excite the Next Generation of Engineers through Human-Robot Interaction Projects for Space Exploration,” American Society for Engineering Education Annual Conference, Hawaii, June 2007.
  3. R. Dorsey, A. Howard, “Measuring the Effectiveness of Robotics Activities in Underserved K-12 Communities outside the Classroom,” American Society for Engineering Education Annual Conf, Vancouver, CA, June 2011.
  4. R. Dorsey, A. Howard, “Examining the Effects of Technology-Based Learning on Children with Autism: A Case Study,” IEEE Intern. Conf. on Advanced Learning Technologies, Athens, GA, July 2011.
  5. H. Park, A. Howard, “Engaging Students with Visual Impairments in Engineering and Computer Science through Robotic Game Programming,” 120th American Society for Engineering Education (ASEE) Annual Conference, Atlanta, GA, June 2013.
  6. L. Brown, R. Kerwin, A. Howard, “Applying Behavioral Strategies for Student Engagement Using a Robotic Educational Agent,” IEEE Int. Conf. on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Manchester, UK, Oct. 2013 (Best Paper Award Finalist).
  7. L. Brown, A. Howard, “Engaging Children in Math Education using a Socially Interactive Humanoid Robot,” IEEE-RAS International Conference on Humanoid Robots, Atlanta, GA, Oct. 2013.
  8. L. Brown, A. Howard, “The Positive Effects of Verbal Encouragement in Mathematics Education Using A Social Robot,” IEEE Integrated STEM Education Conference, Princeton, NJ, March 2014 (Best Paper Award).
  9. A. Howard, J. MacCalla, “Pilot Study to Evaluate the Effectiveness of a Mobile-Based Therapy and Educational App for Children,” ACM Sensys Workshop on Mobile Medical Applications – Design and Development, Memphis, TN, Nov. 2014.
  10. L. Conrad, A. Howard, “The Impact of a Robotics Summer Undergraduate Research Experience on Increasing the Pipeline to Graduate School,” American Society for Engineering Education (ASEE) Annual Conference, Seattle, WA, June 2015.
  11. J. MacCalla, J. Xu, A. Howard, “Enhancing Self-Motivation through Design of an Accessible Math App for Children with Special Needs,” Human-Computer Interaction (HCI) International Conference, Los Angeles, CA, August 2015.

Robot Vision and Sensing

Book Chapters

  1. S. Williams, D. Brooks, A. Howard, “Robot Vision for Science-Driven Navigation in Challenging Arctic Environments,” Robot Vision: New Research; T. Matsuda (Ed.), Nova Science, 2009.

Journals

  1. A. Howard, H. Seraji, “Vision-Based Terrain Characterization and Traversability Assessment,” Journal of Robotic Systems, 18(10), pgs. 577-587, 2001.
  2. A. Howard, H. Seraji, “Multi-Sensor Terrain Classification for Safe Spacecraft Landing,” IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems, vol. 40, Issue 4, pgs. 1122-1131, October 2004.
  3. A. Howard, B. Jones, N. Serrano, “An Integrated Sensing Approach for Entry, Descent, and Landing of a Robotic Spacecraft,” IEEE Trans. on Aerospace and Electronic Systems, Vol. 47(1), pgs. 295-304, Jan. 2011.
  4. S. Williams, A. Howard, “Developing Monocular Visual Odometry and Pose Estimation for Arctic Environments,” Journal of Field Robotics, Vol. 27(2), pgs. 145-157, March 2010.

Conferences

  1. A. Howard, C. Padgett, K. Brown, “Intelligent Target Detection in Hyperspectral Imagery,” 13th Intern. Conference on Applied Geologic Remote Sensing, Vancouver, Canada, March 1999.
  2. A. Howard, C. Padgett, K. Brown, “Real Time Intelligent Target Detection and Analysis with Machine Vision,” 3rd International Symposium on Intelligent Automation and Control, Maui, HI, June 2000.
  3. S. Mobasser, C.C. Liebe, A. Howard, “Fuzzy Image Processing in Sun Sensor,” 10th IEEE International Conference on Fuzzy Systems (FUZZ-IEEE), pgs. 1337-1342, Melbourne, Australia, Dec. 2001.
  4. A. Howard, “A Novel Information Fusion Methodology for Intelligent Terrain Analysis,” IEEE International Conference on Fuzzy Systems (FUZZ-IEEE), pgs. 1472-1475, Honolulu, HI, May 2002.
  5. E. Tunstel, A. Howard, “Sensing and Perception Challenges in Planetary Surface Robotics,” IEEE Sensors 2002, vol. 2, pgs.1696-1701, Orlando, FL, June 2002.
  6. A. Howard, H. Seraji, “A Rule-Based Fuzzy Safety Index for Landing Site Risk Assessment,” 9th International Symposium on Robotics and Applications, Orlando, FL, June 2002.
  7. M. Serrano, M. Bajracharya, A. Howard, H. Seraji, “A Novel Tiered Sensor Fusion Approach for Terrain Characterization and Safe Landing Assessment,” IEEE Aerospace Conference, Big Sky, Montana, March 2006.
  8. B. Jones, A. Howard, “An Imaging Technique for Safe Spacecraft Landing and Autonomous Hazard Avoidance,” IEEE Int. Conf. on Space Mission Challenges for Information Tech., Pasadena, CA, July 2006.
  9. A. Howard, “Fuzzy logic selection of surface feature observations for small proximity operations,” 6th International Symposium on Soft Computing for Industry, Budapest, Hungary, July 2006.
  10. S. Williams, A. Howard, “Towards Visual Arctic Terrain Assessment,” 7th Int. Conf. on Field and Service Robotics, pgs. 91-100, Cambridge, MA, July 2009.
  11. S. Williams, A. Howard, “Horizon Line Estimation In Glacial Environments Using Multiple Visual Cues,” IEEE Int. Conf. on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), Shanghai, China, May 2011K. DeMarco, M. West, A. Howard, “A Forward-Looking Sonar Simulation for Underwater Human-Robot Interaction Scenarios,” IEEE OCEANS Conference, San Diego, CA, September 2013.
  12. A. Spears, M. West, T. Collins, and A. M. Howard, “Acoustic Sonar and Video Sensor Fusion for Landmark Detection in an Under-Ice Environment,” IEEE OCEANS Conference, St. John’s, New Newfoundland, Sept. 2014.
  13. A. Spears, M. West, T. Collins, A. Howard, “Automatic Texture and Anomaly Mapping in Under-Ice Video Datasets,” IEEE OCEANS Conference, Washington, DC., Oct. 2015.
  14. A. Spears, M. West, T. Collins, A. Howard, “Sonar and Video Fusion for Vehicle Trajectory Estimation in Under-Ice Envrionments,” IEEE OCEANS Conference, Washington, DC., Oct. 2015.
  15. K. DeMarco, N. Toit, A.M. Howard, “Tracking Multiple Fragmented Objects with 2D Imaging Sonar,” IEEE Oceans Conference, Monterey, CA, Sept. 2016.
  16. K. DeMarco, A.M. Howard, “Classifying Objects in 2D Imaging Sonar via Tracking of Diver Fins,” IEEE Oceans Conference, Monterey, CA, Sept. 2016.

Machine Learning & AI

Journals

  1. A. Howard, C. Padgett, “A generalized approach to real-time pattern recognition in sensed data,” Pattern Recognition, vol. 32:12, pgs. 2069-2071, Dec. 1999.
  2. A. Howard, G. Bekey, “Intelligent Learning for Deformable Object Manipulation,” Autonomous Robots, 9 (1): pgs. 51-58, August 2000.
  3. E. Tunstel, A. Howard, H. Seraji, “Rule-based reasoning and neural network perception for safe off-road robot mobility,” Expert Systems, 19(4), pgs. 191-200, Sept. 2002.
  4. A. Howard, C. Padgett, “An Adaptive Learning Methodology for Intelligent Object Detection in Novel Imagery Data,” NeuroComputing, vol. 51, pgs. 1-11, March 2003.
  5. A. Howard, L. Parker, B. Smith, “A Learning Approach to Enable Locomotion of Multiple Robotic Agents Operating in Natural Terrain Environments,” International Journal of Intelligent Automation and Soft Computing, Vol. 14(1), pgs. 47-59, 2008.
  6. S. Remy, A. Howard, “Learning Approaches Applied to Human-Robot Interaction for Space Missions,” International Journal of Intelligent Automation and Soft Computing, Vol. 14, No. 3, pgs. 249-262, 2008.

Conferences

  1. A.M. Howard, G.A. Bekey, “Recursive Learning for Deformable Object Manipulation,” 8th Int. Conf. Advanced Robotics (ICAR), pgs. 939-943, Monterey, CA, July 1997.
  2. A. Howard, C. Padgett, C. Liebe, “A Multi-Stage Neural Network for Automatic Target Detection,” IEEE Int. Joint Conference on Neural Networks (IJCNN), pgs. 231-236, Anchorage, Alaska, May 1998.
  3. A. Howard, G. Bekey, “Intelligent Learning for Deformable Object Manipulation,” IEEE Intern. Symposium on Computational Intelligence in Robotics and Automation, pgs. 15-20, Monterey Bay, CA, Nov. 1999.
  4. A. Howard, G. Bekey, “A Learning Methodology for Robotic Manipulation of Deformable Objects,” 8th International Symposium on Robotics and Applications, Maui, HI, June 2000.
  5. A. Howard, L. Parker, “A Hierarchical Strategy for Learning of Robot Walking Strategies in Natural Terrain Environments,” IEEE Int. Conf. on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics (SMC), pgs. 2336-2341, Canada, Oct. 2007.
  6. A. Howard, S. Remy, H.W. Park, “Learning of Arm Exercise Behaviors: Assistive Therapy based on Therapist-Patient Observation,” RSS: Workshop on Interactive Robot Learning, Zurich, Switzerland, June 2008.
  7. S. Remy, A. Howard, “Quantifying Coherence when Learning Behaviors via Teleoperation,” IEEE Int. Symp. on Robot and Human Interactive Communication (RO-MAN), pgs. 471-476, Munich, Germany, August 2008.
  8. S. Remy, C.H. Park, A.M. Howard, “Improving the performance of ANN training with an unsupervised filtering method,” Int. Joint Conf. on Neural Networks, pgs. 2627-2633, Atlanta, GA, June 2009.
  9. H.W. Park, A. Howard, “Case-Based Reasoning for Planning Turn-Taking Strategy with a Therapeutic Robot Playmate,” IEEE Int. Conf. on Biomedical Robotics and Biomechatronics, pgs. 40-45, Japan, Sept. 2010.
  10. H.W. Park, A. Howard, “Robot Learners: Interactive Instance-Based Learning and Its Application to Therapeutic Tasks,” AI for Human-Robot Interaction, 2014 AAAI Fall Symposium, Arlington, VA, Nov. 2014.
  11. H.W. Park, A. Howard, “Retrieving Experience: Interactive Instance-based Learning Methods for Building Robot Companions,” IEEE Int. Conf. on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), Seattle, WA, May 2015.

Human-Robot Interaction

Journals

  1. A. Howard, “A Systematic Approach to Predict Performance of Human-Automation Systems,” IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics–Part C, Vol. 37, No. 4, July 2007.

Conferences

  1. A.M. Howard, “A Methodology to Assess Performance of Human-Robotic Systems in Achievement of Collective Tasks,” IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS), pgs. 377-382, Edmonton, Canada, August 2005.
  2. A. Howard, B. Werger, H. Seraji, “A human-robot mentor-protégé relationship to learn off-road navigation behavior,” IEEE Int. Conf. on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, pgs. 430-435, Waikoloa, Hawaii, Oct. 2005.
  3. A. Howard, “Role Allocation in Human-Robot Interaction Schemes for Mission Scenario Execution,” IEEE Int. Conf. on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), pgs. 3588-3594, Orlando, FL, May 2006.
  4. A. Howard, G. Cruz, “Adapting Human Leadership Approaches for Role Allocation in Human-Robot Navigation Scenarios,” 11th Int. Symposium on Robotics and Applications, Budapest, Hungary, July 2006.
  5. H. Park, A. Howard, “Vision-based Force Guidance for Improved Human Performance in a Teleoperative Manipulation System,” IEEE/RSJ Int. Conf. on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS), pgs. 2126-2131, San Diego, CA, 2007.
  6. S. Remy, A. Howard, “Predicting the Robot Learning Curve based on Properties of Human Interaction,” AAAI Symp. on Agents that Learn from Human Teachers, San Jose, CA, March 2009.
  7. L. Parker, A. Howard, “Assistive Formation Maintenance for Human-Led Multi-Robot Systems,” IEEE Int. Conf. on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, pgs. 2350-2355, San Antonio, TX, Oct. 2009.
  8. H. Park, A. Howard, “Towards Real-Time Haptic Exploration using a Mobile Robot as Mediator,” IEEE Haptics Symposium, pgs. 289-292, Cambridge, MA, March 2010.
  9. H. Park, J.W. Yoo, A. Howard, “Transfer of Skills between Human Operators through
    Haptic Training with Robot Coordination,” IEEE Int. Conf. on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), pgs. 229-235, Anchorage, AK, May 2010.
  10. H. Park, S. Remy, A. Howard, “Visualize Your Robot with Your Eyes Closed: A Multi-modal Interactive Approach Using Environmental Feedback,” IEEE Int. Conf. on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), Shanghai, China, May 2011.
  11. P. Robinette, A. Howard, “Incorporating a Model of Human Panic Behavior for Robotic-Based Emergency Evacuation,” IEEE Int. Sym. on Robot and Human Interactive Communication, August 2011, Atlanta, GA.
  12. P. Robinette, P. Vela, A. Howard, “Information Propagation Applied to Robot-Assisted Evacuation,” IEEE Int. Conf. on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), May 2012.
  13. K. DeMarco, M. West, A. M. Howard, “Sonar-Based Detection and Tracking of a Diver for Underwater Human-Robot Interaction Scenarios,” IEEE Int. Conf. on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Manchester, UK, Oct. 2013.
  14. H.W. Park, R. Coogle, A. Howard, “Using a Shared Tablet Workspace for Interactive Demonstrations during Human-Robot Learning Scenarios,” IEEE Int. Conf. on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), Hong Kong, China, June 2014.
  15. H.W. Park, A. Howard, “Engaging Children in Social Behavior: Interaction with a Robot Playmate Through Tablet-Based Apps,” Rehabilitation Eng. and Technology Society of North America (RESNA) Annual Conference, Indianapolis, IN, June 2014.
  16. L. Brown, A. Howard, “Gestural Behavioral Implementation on a Humanoid Robotic Platform for Effective Social Interaction,” IEEE Int. Symp. on Robot and Human Interactive Communication (RO-MAN), Edinburgh, Scotland, August 2014.
  17. P. Robinette, A. Wagner, A. Howard, “Assessment of Robot Guidance Modalities Conveying Instructions to Humans in Emergency Situations,” IEEE Int. Symp. on Robot and Human Interactive Communication (RO-MAN), Edinburgh, Scotland, August 2014.
  18. K. DeMarco, M. West, and A. M. Howard, “Underwater Human-Robot Communication: A Case Study with Human Divers,” IEEE Int. Conf. on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, San Diego, CA, May 2014.
  19. K. DeMarco, M. West, and A. M. Howard, “Autonomous Robot-Diver Assistance through Joint Intention Theory,” IEEE OCEANS Conference, St. John’s, New Newfoundland, September 2014.
  20. A. Coates, A. Howard, “Employing Gestural Behaviors and Visual Cues on a Humanoid Robot to Increase Affect Recognition among Children with Autism,” Annual Int. Conf. of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC’16), Orlando, FL, August 2016.
  21. P. Robinette, A. Wagner, A. Howard, “Assessment of Robot to Human Instruction Conveyance Modalities Across Virtual, Remote and Physical Robot Presence,” IEEE Int. Symp. on Robot and Human Interactive Communication (RO-MAN), New York, NY, August 2016.